a) Identify Security Requirements: Digital forensics and cybersecurity experts start by understanding the specific security requirements of the corporate company. This involves assessing the organization's infrastructure, systems, and data assets, as well as considering relevant regulations, industry standards, and best practices.
b) Define Security Policies: Based on the identified security requirements, they assist in defining the necessary security policies that will govern the organization's operations. These policies cover areas such as data protection, access control, incident response, network security, and employee security awareness.
c) Establish Procedures and Guidelines: Digital forensics and cybersecurity professionals work with different departments and stakeholders to develop specific procedures and guidelines that align with the overall security policies. They ensure that the SOPs provide clear instructions on how to perform routine tasks while adhering to cybersecurity best practices.
d) Incorporate Incident Response Protocols: As part of the SOP development, they include incident response protocols to guide the organization in effectively detecting, responding to, and recovering from security incidents. This includes defining roles and responsibilities, escalation procedures, evidence handling, and communication protocols.
e) Address Data Handling and Privacy: They ensure that the SOPs provide guidelines for proper data handling, storage, and transmission to maintain data confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Additionally, they address privacy considerations and compliance with applicable data protection regulations.
f) Integrate Technical Security Controls: Digital forensics and cybersecurity professionals collaborate with IT teams to incorporate technical security controls into the SOPs. This includes guidelines on implementing firewalls, intrusion detection systems, data encryption, access control mechanisms, and other security technologies.
g) Conduct Training and Awareness Programs: They may also assist in developing training materials and conducting awareness programs to educate employees about the SOPs and cybersecurity best practices. This helps foster a culture of security within the organization and ensures that employees are aware of their roles and responsibilities.